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# Puriton Primary School # Times Tables

The MTC (Multiplication Tables Check)

During the Summer term, Year 4 pupils will be taking part in the MTC. Please click here to find out all about it.

MTC - Powerpoint for Year 4 parents.

Can you enter the Rockstar Hall of Fame? Impress your teacher by increasing your speed and recall of multiplication facts! TT Rockstars Year 2 - Year 6

TT Rockstars Website

'Times Tables Rockstars' is a fantastic and fun resource for the children to use to support them with their times tables. Teachers allocate the times tables for their classes so the children can access them independently at home, using their personalised logins.

As the children complete the games and get faster, they will earn coins. In the 'shop' section of the website, children can use their coins to update their rock character by changing the hair styles, guitars, backgrounds, outfits and much more.

Each game is only a minute long so please encourage your children to use TTRockstars as often as possible. The children can enter into tournaments and compete against their friends and other people. In addition, teachers can see how much the children in their classes are using it, how quickly they are answering questions and how accurate they are being. This information, along with some fantastic resources for teachers on the TTRockstars website, will be used to support times tables teaching in classes.

In school, we will celebrate the brilliant times tables work that the children do. Teachers will select a pupil, who has been working extremely hard on their tables, increased their speed or learned a new times tables. The selected children will be celebrated in assembly on Mondays and they will have their photo taken in rock fancy dress. This photo will be added to our 'Times Tables Hall of Fame' each week.  The Importance of Times Tables

Knowing times tables facts is crucially important to your child’s progression in Numeracy. Without a thorough understanding of multiplication and division facts, children can find other areas of numeracy tricky, including fractions, area and problem solving. Children who are secure in their times tables knowledge are able to get to grips with trickier tasks straight away and are more successful.

It is worth explaining what we mean by ‘knowing’ times tables. A child who knows their times tables will be able to recall any of the multiples of a times table out of order, as well as knowing the corresponding division facts i.e. 4 x 6 = 24 as well as 24 ÷ 6 = 4.

Learning multiplication facts and tables are most effective when there is collaboration with school, parents and children. In school we regularly spend time learning times tables but a child will be much more successful, if they practise outside school independently and alongside parents.

Yearly Expectations

 Reception When counting objects, children should be able to group in ones, twos, fives and tens and record the total. Year 1 Record sequences of ones, twos, fives and tens (e.g. 2, 4 6, 8 etc.) and identify any missing multiples. Know off by heart the doubles and halves of numbers to 12. Draw and use arrays to solve multiplication problems. Year 2 2, 5, 10 including division facts. Year 3 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10 including division facts. Year 4 All times tables up to 12 x 12 with division facts. Year 5 As Year 4 and related questions e.g. 1/9 of 63 is 7. Knowledge of prime numbers to 19. Year 6 As Year 5 and a knowledge of prime numbers below 100. Identify common factors and multiples.

Times Tables Vocabulary

 multiply divide prime product lots of repeated addition times factors double multiple arrays halve

Factors – Numbers that divide into other numbers exactly and that multiply together to get another number. E.g. 6 is a factor of 30 because 6 x 5 = 30 and 30 ÷ 5 = 6.

Groups of/ lots of– 3 groups of 5 are 15, 3 lots of 5 are 15, 3 sets of 5 are 15 (3 x 5 = 15).

Multiples - These are the numbers that you find in a times table. E.g. 20 is a multiple of 5, 4, 2 and 10 because it is found in all of those times tables. The multiples of 5 are 5, 10, 15, 20 etc.

Product - A product is the answer you get when you multiply two or more numbers together. E.g. the product of 3 and 4 is 12 (3 x 4 = 12).

Prime – A prime number will only divide equally between 1 and itself e.g. 7, 11. The first ten prime numbers are: 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29.

Learning Times Tables
The key to learning times tables is frequent repetition and regular revision. 5 to 10 minutes every day is better than an hour a week. Here are some ideas to help your child memorise their multiplication and division facts.

 1 Chanting Repeatedly reading a times table out aloud will help your child become familiar with the multiples for that times table. Try and keep a rhythm, changing vocabulary regularly (two times three is six, two threes are six, two lots of three are six etc.) Clapping or marching may help with keeping the rhythm going. 2 Flash Cards Make a set of cards for the times table being learnt by putting a question on one side of the card (6 x 5 =) and the answer on the reverse (30). Go through the cards reading the question and then turning over to see the answer. Try and say the answer before you turn over. When familiar with the multiplication table, the cards can then be shuffled and used in a random order. 3 Testing and Timing Make this fun. When your child has become more confident at learning a particular times table, ask them questions on it and see how many they can get correct in a particular time. Alternatively, write some questions out of order and get them to time how long it takes to complete the questions. Can they beat their time and score? 4 Using a Multiplication Square A multiplication square is particularly useful for establishing the link between multiplication and division facts but can also be used instead of a times table list. When children are more confident with their times table knowledge, a blank multiplication square can be filled in. Time your child to complete their square, or see how many multiples they can complete in a set time. Can they beat their score and time? 5 Times Tables Games   Bingo is a great way of learning times tables as a family. Write 6 multiples from a particular times table down in a grid and the caller reads out questions from the same multiplication table.   Rolling dice and multiplying the numbers together is a good way to compete with each other to get the correct answer first. Two dice can be rolled at once to create all questions up to 12 x 12. A similar game can be created with playing cards where two cards are chosen and their values multiplied together. The Jack, Queen and King need to be 11, 12 and 0.   Here are just a few games. If you create any of your own or find some really good ones, let us know! 6 Online Resources There are a number of free multiplication and division games available online. Here are a few websites to get you started.   www.coolmath-games.com http://www.oswego.org/ocsd-web/games/Mathmagician/mathsmulti.html http://www.transum.org/Tables/Times_Tables.asp www.tablestest.com www.mathletics.co.uk www.multiplication.com https://www.topmarks.co.uk/maths-games/hit-the-button 7 Quick Questions Anywhere! You can practise times tables anywhere – on the way to school, in advert breaks, a few before bed and whilst getting dressed.

Top Times Table Hints

0: Anything multiplied by zero will always equal zero.

1: Any number multiplied by one is itself.

2: Any number multiplied by two is double the number. 7 x 2 =14 is the same as 7 + 7 = 14 and double 7 is 14.

3: Digits within this times table add up to multiples of 3. For example: 3, 6, 9, 12 (1+2=3), 15 (1+5=6), 18 (1+8=9) 21 (2+1=3), 24 (2+4=6) etc. The numbers also follow the pattern of: odd, even, odd, even (3,6,9,12).

4: Double, then double again. E.g. 4 x 9: double 9 is 18, double 18 is 36.

5: Any odd number times 5 ends in a 5. Any even number times 5 ends in 0.

6: The six times table is double the three times table. So 5 x 3 = 15, 5 x 6 = 30, 30 is double 15.

7: Combine the 5 and the 2 times table: 7 x 4 = 28 or (5x4) + (2x4) = 28

8: The eight times table is double the four times table. So 7 x 4 = 28, 7 x 8 = 56, 56 is double 28.

9: Fingers can be used to work out the nine times table up to 10 x 9. The first finger is put down for 1 x 9 and the remaining fingers show 9 units (1 x 9 =9). Then the second finger is put down for 2 x 9 and the remaining fingers show 1 ten (to the left) and 8 units (to the right) which equals 18, and so on.

10: All the digits in the ten times table end in zero.

11: Most of the multiples in the eleven times table are recalled by putting two of the number side by side. 7 x 11 = 77, 8 x 11 =88.

12: The units in the twelve times table go up in twos. 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 132, 144 (2, 4, 6, 8, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 0). The multiples of 12 are also the multiples of 10 and the multiples of 2 combined.

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